Articles

Experimental study of person-centered psychotherapy effectiveness (based on sample with chronic gastrointestinal diseases). Part I

Bondarenko A.F., Maksimenko K.S. (Kiev, Ukraine)

This article touches upon the problem of Person-centered psychotherapy in the treatment of specific psycho-emotional problems which are caused by chronic physical illnesses.

The study involved the patients with chronic diseases of gastroenterological spectrum on the exacerbation stage. Total sample size was 144 people: 85 females (59.09%) and 59 males (40.01%) at the age from 24 to 59 y. The average duration of therapy ranged from 15 to 20 hours.A separate group of patients (15 people) were treated with medications prescribed by a psychiatrist in accordance with psychopathological report taking into account the basic diagnosis (anxiolytic, sedative, nootropic, anti-depressants).

Methods. At the sample selection and the final stages the MMPI, M. Lüscher Colour Test and L. Szondi Test were applied. Before each psychotherapy session and after it: Express-diagnostics on the basis of SAM- techniques (self-esteem, activity, mood), in form of personal semantic differential.

Results and conclusions. The most significant results in the clinical sense (health, strengthening, stress reduction, reduction of scales, indicating the severity of the reactive state, positive dynamics of the lab tests, etc.) have been observed in group of patients receiving concomitant (psychological, pharmacological and nosology-oriented) therapy. It can be assumed that the various psychotherapeutic approaches should be considered as subsidiary, rather than independent means of chronic illness treatment. Purely psychological methods will be useful for the emotional abreaction, switching attention from the dominant physical suffering to the patientís personal resources, as well as self-presentation processes.

Key words: medical psychology; somatogenic; gastroenterological diseases; chronic illness; existential-humanistic psychotherapy.

Experimental study of person-centered psychotherapy effectiveness (based on sample with chronic gastrointestinal diseases). Part II

Bondarenko A.F., Maksimenko K.S. (Kiev, Ukraine)

This article touches upon the problem of Person-centered psychotherapy in the treatment of specific psycho-emotional problems which are caused by chronic physical illnesses.

The study involved the patients with chronic diseases of gastroenterological spectrum on the exacerbation stage. Total sample size was 144 people: 85 females (59.09%) and 59 males (40.01%) at the age from 24 to 59 y. The average duration of therapy ranged from 15 to 20 hours. A separate group of patients (15 people) were treated with medications prescribed by a psychiatrist in accordance with psychopathological report taking into account the basic diagnosis (anxiolytic, sedative, nootropic, anti-depressants).

Methods. At the sample selection and the final stages the MMPI, M. Lüscher Colour Test and L. Szondi Test were applied. Before each psychotherapy session and after it: Express-diagnostics on the basis of SAM- techniques (self-esteem, activity, mood), in form of personal semantic differential.

Results and conclusions. The most significant results in the clinical sense (health, strengthening, stress reduction, reduction of scales, indicating the severity of the reactive state, positive dynamics of the lab tests, etc.) have been observed in group of patients receiving concomitant (psychological, pharmacological and nosology-oriented) therapy. It can be assumed that the various psychotherapeutic approaches should be considered as subsidiary, rather than independent means of chronic illness treatment. Purely psychological methods will be useful for the emotional abreaction, switching attention from the dominant physical suffering to the patient’s personal resources, as well as self-presentation processes.

Key words: medical psychology; somatogenic; gastroenterological diseases; chronic illness; existential-humanistic psychotherapy.

Ethical Personalism: Russian Psychotherapeutic Tradition

This report is dedicated to setting forth some ideas and results of investigations dealing with tasks and problems of the Russian psychotherapy. The therapy which is a derivative of the Russian culture based on the Orthodox Christian tradition in comparison with Western therapies based on the Catholic or Protestant traditions.

Professional self-awareness of post-soviet practicing psychologists

The article presents results of experimental research of post-soviet practicing psychologists’ self-awareness in its psychosemantic structure. The sample comprised 82 highly qualified practicing psychologists from CIS. The data received allowed more precise definition of approaches and methods of counseling and therapy, reasons for their preference both with ideas of the practicing psychologists as to the means, targets and conceptual bases of their professional work.

My encounter with carl rogers: a retrospective view from

ALEXANDER F. BONDARENKO earned his doctorate in psychology in 1993 from Kiev National University and is a professor of psychology and a psychotherapist in Kiev. He also is editor of the Journal of the Practicing Psychologist, published in Kiev, and is on the Board of Editors of the Moscow Psychotherapeutic Journal. He is the author of three books on psychotherapy and counseling, among which is the Manual on Counseling and Psychotherapy for University Students (Kiev, 1997). He is director of the Inter-University Counseling Center, a part-time professor at Kiev Medical University, and chair of psychology at Kiev State Linguistic University. His areas of research include investigations of the effectiveness of psychotherapy, and his clinical specialty areas are PTSD, neurotic and addictive love, and affective disorders.

Emotional Addiction in Love: experimental research

Ergebnisse einer empirischen Studie liber dramatische Lie-beserfahrungen werden prasentiert. Durch die Faktoren-analyse konnten aus den Selbstdarstellungen von Frauen, die in emotional abhangigen Beziehungen waren, Wahrneh-mungsspezifika nachgewiesen werden. In der inhaltlichen Analyse wurden Algorythmen des adaptiven und des nicht adaptiven Verhaltenstyps wie auch spezielle psychologische Reaktionen einer Klarung zugefiihrt. Die Autor en ziehen die SchluBfolgerung, daB das Fehlen von effektiver Absicht, wie z. B. ,,ich kampfe" und vorwiegend angstliche Personlich-keiten Indikatoren sind, daB unangepaBtes Verhalten in den dramatischen Situationen auftritt. Darliber hinaus wird die Stabilitat dieses unangepaBten Verhaltens durch spezielle Abwehrmechanismen aufrechterhalten.





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